The agreements included a political treaty that created Vatican City State and guaranteed the Holy See full and independent sovereignty. The Pope is committed to constant neutrality in international relations and to refrain from any mediation in a controversy, unless all parties explicitly demand it. In the first article of the Treaty, Italy reaffirms the principle set out in the Statute of the Kingdom of Italy of 4 March 1848 that “the Catholic, apostolic and Roman religion is the only religion of the State”.  The attached financial agreement was accepted as the settlement of all claims of the Holy See against Italy resulting from the loss of secular power of the Papal States in 1870. A concordat was also signed to regulate the conditions of religion and the Church in Italy, also a convention that definitively systematized the financial relations between the Holy See and Italy according to the events of 1870. Italian anti-Jewish laws of 1938 prohibited marriages between Jews and non-Jews, including Catholics. The Vatican saw this as a violation of the Concordat, which gave the Church the exclusive right to regulate marriages with Catholics.  Article 34 of the Concordat also stipulated that marriages entered into by the Catholic Church were always considered valid by the civil authorities.  The Holy See understood that this means that this applies to all marriages in Italy celebrated by the Roman Catholic clergy, regardless of the faith of the bride and groom.  “Today, at noon, in the papal hall of the Lateran Apostolic Palace, a treaty was signed between the Holy See and Italy, in which the Roman question was settled. The first document of the two-part agreement is a peace treaty. The King recognizes the sovereignty, freedom and independence of the Pope.
Italy agreed to pay compensation (about $82,634,000) for papal territory taken over by the government in 1870. The Vatican is given a tiny state over which it exercises full territorial sovereignty. The reduction in compensation from the previously agreed total of $105,000,000 was among the late changes. The Constitution of the Italian Republic, adopted in 1947, stipulates that relations between the State and the Catholic Church “shall be governed by the Lateran Treaties”.  The Lateran Treaty (Italian: Patti Lateranensi; Latin: Pacta Lateranensia) was part of the Lateran Pacts of 1929, an agreement between the Kingdom of Italy under Benito Mussolini and the Holy See under Pope Pius XI to settle the long-standing Roman question. The treaty and related pacts were named after the Lateran Palace, where they were signed on February 11, 1929 and ratified by the Italian Parliament on June 7, 1929. The treaty recognized Vatican City as an independent state under the sovereignty of the Holy See. The Italian government also agreed to grant the Roman Catholic Church financial compensation for the loss of the Papal States.  In 1947, the Lateran Treaty was recognized in the Italian Constitution as a regulation of relations between the State and the Catholic Church. Representatives of both sides met at a table in the historic Lateran Palace of St. John and signed the agreement to end the dispute that had been going on since 1870.
Benito Mussolini, Prime Minister of Italy, representing King Victor Emmanuel III, and Cardinal Pietro Gasparri, Pontifical Secretary of State representing Pope Pius XI, signed the historical documents at exactly noon. Negotiations on the settlement of the Roman question began in 1926 between the Italian government and the Holy See and resulted in the agreements of the Lateran Pacts, which, according to the treaty, were signed on February 11, 1929 for King Victor Emmanuel III of Italy by Prime Minister Benito Mussolini and for Pope Pius XI by Cardinal Secretary Pietro Gasparri.  It was ratified on June 7, 1929.  “A concordat regulating the conditions of religion and the Church in Italy was also signed. A special financial agreement was signed at the same time as the treaty. When Italy was unified in the mid-19th century, the Papal States opposed its incorporation into the new nation, although all other Italian countries, with the exception of San Marino, joined it; Camillo Cavour`s dream of proclaiming the Kingdom of Italy from the steps of St. Peter`s Basilica did not come true. The nascent kingdom of Italy invaded Romagna (the eastern part of the Papal States) in 1860 and occupied it, leaving only Lazio in the pope`s domains. Lazio, including Rome itself, was occupied and annexed in 1870. For the next sixty years, relations between the papacy and the Italian government were hostile, and the status of the pope became known as the “Roman Question.” In 1984, an agreement was signed which revised the Concordat. Among other things, both sides declared: “The principle of the Catholic religion as the sole religion of the Italian state, which was originally referred to in the Lateran Pacts, is no longer in force.”  The Church`s position as the only state-backed religion in Italy has also ended and state funding has been replaced by an income tax called otto per mille, to which other religious groups, Christian and non-Christian, also have access. In 2013 [Update], there are ten other religious groups with access.
The revised Concordat regulated the conditions under which Italy confers civil effects on ecclesiastical marriages and ecclesiastical declarations on the nullity of marriages.  The abolished articles included the recognition by the State of the titles of knight and titles of nobility conferred by the Holy See, the obligation of the Holy See to confer ecclesiastical honors on persons entitled to exercise religious functions at the request of the State or the Royal House, and the obligation of the Holy See to allow the Italian Government to: raise political objections to the proposal to appoint diocesan bishops.  The second document has the character of a concordat setting out the details of the future relations between Italy and the Holy See. Below are the possible answers to the crossword note Written agreement between a country and the Vatican. The official text of the agreement will not be published until it has been ratified by the Italian Parliament. A brief official report on today`s proceedings is published by the Vatican and the government. Witnesses to the historic ceremony, in addition to Prime Minister Mussolini and Cardinal Gasparri, were the signatories Monsignor Borgongini-Luca of the Vatican staff; Giuseppi Pizzardo, the Pope`s Undersecretary of State, and commendatore Francesco Pacelli, a Vatican lawyer who mediated the negotiations between the Pope and Mussolini; Minister of Justice Alfredo Rocco, Undersecretary of State Dino Grandi; and Francesco Gounta, Under-Secretary of State to the Prime Minister. If you still haven`t resolved the written agreement between a country and the Vatican, search our database for the letters you already have! Cardinal Pietro Gasparri, Pope Plenipotentiary and Cavalier Benito Mussolini, Prime Minister, Prime Minister and Plenipotentiary of His Majesty Emmanuel III, King of Italy, today signed a political treaty at the Apostolic Lateran Palace that resolves and eliminates the Roman question. The popes knew that Rome was irrevocably the capital of Italy. There was nothing they wanted less than to rule him or to be burdened by a papal kingdom.
What they wanted was independence, a pillar on earth that did not belong to any other ruler.  Only a few policemen or soldiers were seen. A priest in the square was heard to remark: “This is a day of Providence – the feast of Our Lady of Lourdes. Given the difficulties in resolving the Roman question, it is also a miracle. Outside the Palace, St. St. John Lateran Square was filled with theology students of all nationalities dressed in tights. Despite the rain, there was a general atmosphere of joy. In 2008, it was announced that the Vatican would no longer immediately adopt all Italian laws, citing disputes over issues of the right to life after the trial and the decision in the Eluana Englaro case.  “During the act of signature for the Holy See, Bishop Borgongini-Duca, Monsignor Pizzardo and Professor Francesco Pacelli were present; for Italy, the signatories Rocco, Grandi and Giunta.
St. Lateran John`s Basilica was closed to the public at 10:30 a.m. .m. .m and palace was closed and guarded all day. The following official communiqué was issued by the government: the sum given to the Holy See as a result was in fact less than that of Italy under the terms of the Guarantee Law of 1871, by which the Italian government declared to Pope Pius IX and his successors the claim, but not sovereignty over, the Vatican and Lateran palaces, and an annual income of 3,250,000 lire in compensation for the loss of sovereignty. and territory. The Holy See had refused to accept the arrangement offered in 1871 because of the need for clearly manifested independence from any political power in the exercise of its spiritual jurisdiction, and the popes later considered themselves prisoners in the Vatican, a small area limited to Rome, until the signing of the Lateran Treaty. .